The Scenario of Healthcare in India

March 11, 2022

India is a country having an age-long heritage of medical sciences. The history of this disciple can be traced back to the Vedic times, which is 5000 B.C. 

“It is health that is real wealth and not pieces of gold and silver”- Mahatma Gandhi

India has grown its healthcare system, starting from Ayurveda, Yunani, and Siddha to Homeopathy and Allopathy.

Our country first became familiar with the modern system of Healthcare in the 17th Century and since then has set up various landmarks in the field of medical sciences.

Healthcare sector growth in India

Notable Achievements in the Healthcare Sector

Since Independence, India has done a lot in its healthcare sector and has also achieved notable improvements. Diseases such as Smallpox and Polio have been eradicated from the country, which some other countries are still fighting from.  There are also improvements seen in the life expectancy, the infant mortality rate (IMR), and Maternal Mortality Rate (MMR).\

Various campaigns are also started by the Government to improve the Healthcare system involving Janani Shishu Suraksha Karyakram, Mission Indradhanush, and Janani Suraksha Yojana. 

National Programmes for curbing diseases such as HIV, T.B., and Leprosy has also played an important role in improving our country’s health.

Even after so many improvements, certain problems remain evident and need to be looked into.

Concerns yet to be considered

Even after being called the pharmacy of developing nations, many rural Indian citizens cannot get essential medicines and, most importantly, sanitary napkins at a nominal and reasonable price.

Many states, such as Assam and Jharkhand, still face high infant and maternal mortality rates. People normally prefer private hospitals and healthcare centers even after being expensive due to better quality over Governmental institutions.

Healthcare workers are also exposed to various safety and health hazards such as latex allergy, infection by bloodborne pathogens, effects of radioactive materials, waste anesthetic gas exposures, violence at the workplace, and many more.

Towards a better tomorrow

The most important way which can be used to improve the healthcare situation of our country is to improve quality standards. Improvements in the accessibility of medicines at a nominal rate can help in improving the health standards.    

Increasing the funds and schemes towards the betterment of society is also necessary, mainly focusing on increasing the number of nursing homes and hospitals in rural areas.

Public Vs Private Healthcare sector in India

Scenario during COVID-19

COVID-19 has impacted every person in the world. Each country is doing its best to overcome such a tough time, and so is India. It has put its best foot forward to help its citizens, and the whole world overcomes this problem. Being the world’s pharmacy, it had provided medicines to various countries even when it was difficult to.

India is also putting a lot of effort into bringing COVID-19 vaccines in the market, which would help every person in the world. Vaccines by Bharat Biotech and Zydus Cadila are in their second phase of clinical trials. Companies such as Serum Institute of India and Dr. Reddy’s Laboratories are trying to produce foreign vaccines.

With the immense effort put forward by the Government and all the Healthcare providers, India is slowly improving its healthcare system. It would thereby be able to come out of this pandemic and bring its healthcare services in each part of the country to their best one day.   

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